Full company name NV Koninklijke Nederlandse Vliegtuigenfabriek Fokker. Originally founded July 21,1919 with factory at Veere, Zeeland, assembly at Amsterdam. New factory at Schiphol opened 1951. Later acquired Aviolanda (q.v.) and formed joint company with Vereinigte Flugzeugtechnische Werke in 1969. prewar civil airliners included eight-passenger F.VII, flown from Amsterdam to Batavia in 1924, and the F.VII-3m three-engined variant which, from 1928, was the most extensively built (116). Enlarged into 14-16-seat F.XII in 1930. F.XX tri-motor with retractable landing gear built 1933, and four-engined F.XXXVI 32-seat and F.XXII 22-seat airliners built 1934 and 1935 respectively. Principal military aircraft built 1919-1925 included C.I, C.II and C.V biplanes, used widely in Europe, China, Japan, Russia and South America. D.XXI monoplane fighter introduced 1936, flown in combat in Second World War by Dutch and Finnish units. G.1 twin-boom twin-engined attack aircraft of 1936 also saw limited service, as did T.VIII twin-engined reconnaissance floatplanes flown to England in May 1940. Production during Occupation included Arado Ar 196 floatplanes, Bucker Bu 181 Bestmann trainers
Postwar activity included conversion of military Dakotas and Skymasters for civil use; production of S.11 and S.12 piston-engined and S.14 jet trainers between 1947 and 1955; license-production of various types including 24 Hawker Sea Furies, 460 Hunter F.4, and F.6 fighters; final assembly and parts manufacture of 350 Lockheed F.104Gs; share in European manufacturing program for F-16 fighter; associate member of Airbus Industrie (q.v.); production of 768 F.27 Friendship twin-turboprop airliners (first flown November 1955; figure includes those built by Fairchild in U.S.A.); and production of 241 F.28 Fellowship twin-turbofan airliners (first flown May 1967). F.27 and F.28 then replaced in production by much improved Fokker 50 (first flown December 1985) and Fokker 100 (first flown November 1986) respectively, with Fokker 60 Utility derivative of Fokker 50 first flying in November 1995 and Fokker 70 shortened derivative of Fokker 100 flying April 1993. In March 1996 company filed for bankruptcy, but Stork Group bought Fokker Aviation to continue as Fokker Aircraft BV for product support, electronic systems and components, aerostructures, and special products. Several attempts to purchase the aircraft manufacturing business by foreign companies came to little, leading to the end of all aircraft production in May 1997 (latterly under trustees). See Rekkof Restart.
All the World's Rotorcraft
D IX (PW-6)
D XI (PW-7)