Central Aero-Hydrodynamic Institute, Moscow. Founded by Bolshevik government December 1,1918 under Prof N. E. Zhukovskii; based on Moscow Technical University's pre-Revolution research organization. Departments for study of propellers, aero engines, aeronautical construction materials, flight testing ,etc. Separate flight test center for Soviet Air Force established 1920; alternative centers for aero engines 1930 and materials 1932. Zhukovskii died 1921; succeeded by S. A. Chaplygin (1921-1941), N. I. Kharlamov, M. N. Shulzhenko and (since early 1960s) V. M. Myasischchev. New facility built 1931 at Stakhanov, Moscow; continued until 1939. Most aircraft designs before Second World War carried ANT designations (for details see under Tupolev); other designers also employed, some eventually heading their own bureaus, e.g. Petlyakov and Sukhoi. Aircraft with TsAGI designations included Komta twin-engined 10-passenger triplane of 1922; 1- EA to 5-EA and A-4 to A-15 series of helicopters and autogyros from various designers between 1928-1940; and TsAGI-44 (MTB-2) four-engined flying-boat bomber, redesignated from ANT-44 after arrest of Tupolev in 1936.

After Second World War TsAGI became purely research center and moved to new premises at Zhukovskaya, near Ramenskoye. New facilities since provided for new Hydrodynamic Institute at Novosibirsk.

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