|Kamov Ka-52 "Alligator"|
Multi-role all-weather combat Ka-52 "Alligator" helicopter is a twin-seat derivative of the attack Ka-50. It is intended for a wide range of combat tasks in daytime and night conditions, in any time of the year with the use of all destruction means of the Ka-50. This is a commander helicopter of the army aviation aimed at increasing the efficiency of group combat helicopter operations.
Coaxial-type Ka-52 helicopter differs from its predecessor by a wider nose part and twin-seat crew cockpit where the pilot ejection seats are arranged side-by-side. Both pilots have full controls of the helicopter without any limitations. The pilot cockpit is armored. The helicopter can be used as a trainer. High flying qualities of the coaxial helicopter combined with unique manoeuvrability allow the helicopter to perform combat maneuvers within the minimum air area and the shortest time to gain an advantageous attack position.
Numerous weapons options for the helicopter are achieved by arranging a movable high-speed firing gun starboard of the helicopter, and by six available external wing stores with different combination of anti-tank missiles, rockets, "air-to-air" missiles, gun ammunition of a container type and bombs of various caliber. From the point of view of the weapons power the "Alligator" is comparable with the "Black Shark" helicopter and is superior to all existing combat helicopters.
The on-board multifunctional avionics suite ensures round-the-clock helicopter piloting, navigational and combat tasks in anytime of the year. The avionics suite is comprised of a multiplexed, multi-level digital computer-based system having large storage capacity and high speed. Observation, search and targeting systems comprising head-mounted display are used for round-the-clock and all-weather detection of specified targets and their attack using optical, TV, laser, IR and radar equipment.
NATO reporting name: Hokum-B
TYPE: Two-seat all-weather day/night combat and training helicopter.
PROGRAMME: Revealed at 1995 Paris Air Show; rolled out December 1996; first flight 25 June 1997; first official flight 1 July 1997.
DESIGN FEATURES: 85% similar to single-seat Ka-50, but front fuselage redesigned to accommodate two crew side by side; upward-hinged and bulged gull-wing type transparent canopy door over each seat. Bottom of nose recessed on starboard side to improve field of fire of 2A42 gun. Some cockpit armour and number of rounds for the cannon omitted to compensate for increased weight.
POWER PLANT: Two uprated 1,863kW Klimov TV3-117VMA-SB3 turboshafts. Two 1,633kW TV3-117VMA turboshafts in prototype.
ACCOMMODATION: Pilot and pupil or navigator/weapons operator have Zvezda K-37-800 ejection system, for simultaneous emergency escape, similar to that of Ka-50. Full dual controls standard including two colour and two monochrome SMD 66 multifunction displays.
AVIONICS: Integrated by Sextant Avionique, supplier of head-down displays, the Navigation and Attack System for Helicopters (NASH), Topowl helmet-mounted sight display, Nadir 10 navigation system.
ARMAMENT: As Ka-50, except only 240 rounds for 2A42 gun, plus additional weapons. Standard Ka-52 armament comprises two UPP-800 clusters on inner underwing hardpoints, each equipped with six laser-guided Vikhr anti-tank missiles with a range of 8 to 10km, and two B8V-20 rocket launchers on the outer hardpoints, each with 20 S-8 80mm air-to-surface rockets; 30mm fixed 2A42 gun on starboard side of fuselage. New Vikhr-M anti-tank missile with a range of 12 to 15km will be fitted to production aircraft. Igla-V AAMs are carried for air-to-air defence.
Jane's Helicopter Markets and Systems