Fairchild C-119 Flying Boxcar

1947

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Fairchild C-119 Flying Boxcar

During 1947 Fairchiid developed an improved version of the C-82, the XC-82B prototype being a conversion from a production C-82A. It differed primarily by having the flight deck resited into the nose of the aircraft and the installation of 1976kW Pratt & Whitney R-4360-4 Wasp Major 28-cylinder radial engines. Following service tests it was ordered into production as the C-119B Flying Boxcar (55 built), these having the fuselage widened by 0.36m, structural strengthening for operation at higher gross weights, and more powerful R-4360-20 engines. Accommodating up to 62 paratroops, and with increased cargo capacity, the C-119s gave excellent service during operations in Korea and Vietnam, as well as in a wide variety of other heavy transport applications. C-119s also serve or served with the air forces of Belgium, Brazil, Ethiopia, India, Italy, Nationalist China and South Vietnam, many supplied under the Military Assistance Program. In addition, some surplus military aircraft, both C-82s and C-119s, were acquired by civil operators.

In 1961 Steward-Davis Inc. of Long Beach, California, developed a Jet-Pak conversion for C-119 aircraft. This involved the installation of a 1542kg thrust Westinghouse J34-WE-36 turbojet engine in a specially-developed nacelle mounted on the upper surface of the wing centre-section. At least 26 Indian Air Force C-119s had a more powerful HAL-built Orpheus jet pod to enable them to operate with greater payloads under 'hot and high' conditions.

Fairchild C-119 Flying Boxcar

Specification 
 MODELC-119G
 CREW5
 ENGINE2 x Wright R-3350-85, 2610kW
 WEIGHTS
  Take-off weight33747 kg74400 lb
  Empty weight18136 kg39983 lb
 DIMENSIONS
  Wingspan33.3 m109 ft 3 in
  Length26.37 m87 ft 6 in
  Height8.0 m26 ft 3 in
  Wing area134.43 m21446.99 sq ft
 PERFORMANCE
  Max. speed470 km/h292 mph
  Cruise speed322 km/h200 mph
  Ceiling7300 m23950 ft
  Range w/max.fuel3669 km2280 miles

Comments1-20 21-40 41-60 61-80 81-100 101-120 121-140 141-160
DENNIS Boerger, e-mail, 15.01.2021 20:59

Was the cargo area large enough to carry a couple of truck or jeeps?

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marinerg6, e-mail, 03.01.2021 18:13

The highly-successful C-119 was basically an improvement upon the C-82 with more-powerful engines and the flight deck moved forward to improve pilot visibility from the cockpit. In fact, the Air Force was originally going to label the C-119 as the "C-82B". However, the airplane's appearance was so greatly altered that it was given a whole new designation.

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Murray Stollman, e-mail, 02.09.2020 20:02

I was stationed at Ashiya AFB, 816th TCS, as radio operator and OJT loadmaster and earned my wings in C-119G's from 1954-56 servicing the USAF needs in Asia. In March, 1955, on takeoff from Tachikawa AFB at 60mph our starboard prop reversed pitch sending us off the active across the grass. Very fast action by our left seat, who reversed the port prop and got us stopped. We spent 30 days working in the prop lab to prove what the problem was that had caused 3 other C-119Gs to crash with loss of lives: The hydraulic fluid in the regulators had been contaminated crossing the Pacific Ocean without being preserved with cosmoline or sealed so lost viscosity. All C-119Gs went on AOCP until new regulators were shipped to Japan to replace our bad ones. That was just one of a bunch of hairy stories i could tell if anyone is interested(including the first c-119 to land on an island beach just 3 miles from North Korea to deliver cigarettes + more).

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charles e pfeiffer, e-mail, 29.02.2020 20:47

my aircraft c119f was build in hagertown Maryland mmfg fairhiller s n 517994

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Bill Heaphy, e-mail, 06.02.2018 06:10

Recently came across a scrapbook of a C-119 Radio Operator during the Korean Conflict at a second hand store. His name was Gerald Highet (now deceased) and photos show he was attached to the 50th TCS at Ashiya, Japan and various bases in Korea. His final assignment was at Paine Field, WA.. Is there a 50th TCS reunion group that might be interested in this mans history on the Boxcar? My days at the 65th TCS in Muskogee, OK were not so hazardous. TIA

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Cecil Oglesby, e-mail, 02.12.2017 22:23

I have a dinner plate that depicts a C-119 and a C-123. Don't remember where I got it and don't know why it exists.
Marked "Fairchild Aircraft" "Hagerstown, Maryland.
Kettle Springs Kiln Alliance Ohio. Information?

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Ray Sanderford, e-mail, 07.10.2017 07:23

The Kaiser Co. of Willow Run, Mich. built 71 of the C-119's in the old Ford B-24 factory. These had the R-3350 Engines; the ones built by Fairchild in Maryland had the 4360 engines.

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Frank Warner, e-mail, 03.07.2017 08:17

My uncle, Carl J. Dorsey, was an Air Force mechanic on a C-119 flying supplies from Japan to South Koren during the Korean War. He was killed when the plane he was in was shot down by friendly fire on June 2, 1951.

How can I find out more about his group, and who else was on board with him when the plane was shot down. I see by old pictures they named his plane the "Little Billie." I don't know why.

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Bill Heaphy, e-mail, 20.06.2017 03:22

Stood ready to defend Muskogee, Oklahoma at Davis Field with 26th TCS USAFR 1964-65. Flew as Flight Engineer with some great people. AC was not listening to Navigator one afternoon and he dropped late. Bulls eyed a small waterhole causing cows to haul butt downwind. Captured at least 4 bovines in canopy that collapsed downwind. SecDef McNamara closed that outfit down later. Lots of fun and experience. Retired as 747 Captain 17 years ago.

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CHARLES E PFEIFFER, e-mail, 19.06.2017 18:30

I was a crew cheif on C119F s /n 517994 with 3350- 75 engines it had prt 3 each water injection also .my friend s /sgt ernest v crabtree had was crew cheif and engineer his ac s / was 517993 which crash in 1953 out of bolling afb , crash was in maryland . never found out for the cause of its crash. hope you can tell me?

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Bob Short, e-mail, 30.04.2017 03:12

Forgot mention, I was in the 50TCS /36TCS at Ashiya, Japan. 1953-1955.

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Bob Short, e-mail, 30.04.2017 03:07

I need to know the cockpit decibel level during flight. I flew as a radio operator for two years on C-119c and C-199G models. Have been denied claim for hearing loss and tinnitus by the VA. Need proof of decibels.

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raymond perez, e-mail, 23.03.2017 03:02

I trying to find news of the crash near Nashville Ky of a c119 crash that took off from fort Cambell,Ky with paratroopers on board about Jan 15,1955

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Mike Mansfield, e-mail, 01.03.2017 03:56

My dad, Sgt. William J. Mansfield,was a crew chief on a C119 out of El Toro. He was killed in a bar fight at The Bar Red Lip November 1956. Is there anyone out there that knew him?

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tom cotter, e-mail, 29.03.2016 13:31

In my 10 years of service, I only flew twice in a C-130...
(NTC, Barstow,Ca;`round trip').
But I enjoy these classic workhorses.... even over fighters or bombers.
The C-119 was a design anomality that fit into that rare place in aviation that will never come again. Evolving from
a disposable glider into a light tactical cargo carrier....
the variants we're literally developed on-station for what ever was needed. Be it an air ambulance, airborne troop wagon, gunship even a spacecraft recovery vehicle?
DOD or defense contractors will never do this again.
It was a kind of 'barnstorming' approach to aircraft development.
In an age of orbital reconnaissance and strategic drones, the 'boxcar' still inspires a 'blue collar independence' that makes living very interesting.

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Michel Verheughe, e-mail, 03.03.2016 13:52

My father flew the first Belgian C-119 OT-CAC in October 1952. I try now to reproduce it for the flight simulator X-Plane. I have some photos of the aircraft from the museum in Brussels but I wonder about the cockpit. E.g. how were the parking brakes activated? If anybody still remember how to fly this aircraft, please contact me. My father passed away in 1986 and I don't know anybody I could contact from here. Thanks in advance.

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charles E. swinson, e-mail, 18.01.2016 04:42

I,sp3rd class,1955 fort Campbell KY(503rd 11th abn(hells angels(don't knock the rock-was stationed,after(1955)warner kasern,leopold strasa-1958-army medic.now(71yrs of age.503rd 11th abn.now live in Fayetteville,n.c.ph#910-423-5971 /who-or.Airborne.

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Woody, e-mail, 18.09.2015 23:48

I was a loadmaster on them. The noise in the cargo compartment got to 139DB at meto power. Pain threshold is 133. It was noisy but bareable with ear plugs and headset push tight as possible.

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kj freeman, e-mail, 20.07.2015 12:17

P.S to early post During a summer camp 129th CANG Hayward,ca spent at alpena mi I rode to travis city mi to pick up supplies. Apon wheels up leaving travis city the left engine blew a jug[cyl] on the lower side of the engine. oil pored out and caught on fire on outide of engine nuclei and lower wing area. {as a aircraft electrian that worked on this plane I was glad that the fire detectors worked and set off a alarm]but the shaking and noise told you there was a problem. Most of the ang pilot were commercial pilots who enjoyed flying a airplane they flew. I believe the pilot was the base commander Col Konic the prop was feathered and we landed with the fire blowing its self out after running out of oil.
IN 1971 /72 the 129th flew to pope afb nc fort bragg. while there the army used are 119s to night jump. I went on several night jumps to watch I was 21 /22 and wanted to see everything.It was common for the army jumpers to try to take a souvenir with them out the plane after replacing 2 toilet seat that missing and presumed to have went out the back we hide it till after the jumps.During one night jump a jumper tried to take the carbon pile voltage regulator that was in a snap in mount inside behind the jump seat against the fuselage they were used to parallel the two engine power plants. I had stated the app on A deck and replaced it the next day after parallel them again. SGT KJ Freeman 129 th SAC CANG Hayward Ca. P.S. yes we were SAC?

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Charles D Kowalski, e-mail, 29.04.2015 00:01

I flew in the C-119s as a radio op while with the 582 AR Squadron at RAF Molesworth, England. One Saturday morning we going up to do a little "flag-pole flying" on a plane which had just come out of maintenance. It seems someone forgot to tighten a pulley on the horizontal stabilizer or elevator and just as we broke ground, I was in the jump-seat and we went into what I thought was a short field take-off which we practiced often. Not so. The nose of the aircraft just wanted to go straight up. Immediately the navigator was between the left and right seat with a hand on each control column trying to force the nose down, with not much luck. The engineer then tried to wedge a block of wood between the column and the base of the pilot's seat.
Again no luck. I was told to send a MAYDAY. Shortly thereafter the pilot said that any of us who wanted to go back an bail out. Nobody did. By reducing the airspeed to almost stall speed, and with the navigator and I pushing on the control columns we were able to get it in a slight nose down attitude. We were cleared to attempt a landing and after turning on final we got a red light on the landing gear. Just what we didn't need. It was decided we were going to attempt to land anyway. The gears held and as soon as possible the engines were shut down immediately. That having been said, I would fly in one of those old birds today.

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