Consolidated PBY Catalina

1935

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Consolidated PBY Catalina

One of the most successful flying-boats to serve extensively throughout World War II and the most numerous flying-boat in aviation history, the Consolidated Model 28, designed by Isaac Laddon, originated from a US Navy requirement of late 1933. The prototype XP3Y-1, developed from the PY-1/P2Y and flown for the first time on 28 March 1935, introduced some distinctive features. Most important was the parasol wing constructed on the basis of a cantilever wing requiring no supporting structures, although in fact two small-section struts were mounted between wing and hull on each side. This deletion of the multitudinous struts and bracing wires - seemingly inseparable from flying-boat design until then - offered an immediate improvement in performance. Another new feature was the introduction of stabilising floats which retracted in flight to form the wingtips. Initial trials of the prototype left little doubt that the Navy was about to acquire a significant aircraft. PBY-1 began to enter squadron service in 1937 and by mid-1938 14 squadrons were operational.

Initial export aircraft went to Russia, where the type was built subsequently in large numbers under the designation GST. The RAF acquired a single example for evaluation in 1939 and almost immediately ordered a batch of 50, the first of many to serve with Coastal Command. The name Catalina (adopted first by the RAF) was used later by the USN for the various versions which entered service. The type was also to serve with the RAAF, RCAF, RNZAF and the air arm of the Dutch East Indies. Production as a pure flying-boat ended with the PBY-4, for the last of these was converted to an amphibian with retractable tricycle-type landing gear, under the designation XPBY-5A. Subsequent aircraft had this as standard. Used widely throughout World War II, many amphibious Catalinas remained in service for air-sea rescue for some years after the end of the war.

PBY-5

Specification 
 CREW6-9
 ENGINE2 x P+W "Twin Wasp", 880kW
 WEIGHTS
  Take-off weight14700-16066 kg32408 - 35420 lb
  Empty weight9485 kg20911 lb
 DIMENSIONS
  Wingspan30.5 m100 ft 1 in
  Length19.5 m64 ft 0 in
  Height18.3 m60 ft 0 in
  Wing area130.0 m21399.31 sq ft
 PERFORMANCE
  Max. speed275 km/h171 mph
  Cruise speed250 km/h155 mph
  Ceiling4500 m14750 ft
  Range w/max.fuel4100 km2548 miles
 ARMAMENT5 machine-guns, 1800kg of bombs

3-View 
Consolidated PBY CatalinaA three-view drawing (856 x 848)

Comments1-20 21-40
Joe Ryder, e-mail, 02.05.2017 04:00

Was Navy Radio /Radar Operator, PBY5A , based Adak and Attu, 1943 and 1944. Pilots were Mid White, Bob McGrath, and Ted Cope. 2nd Radioman,Danny Curran. Patrolled half way to Midway one day.
Entry and exit was using a small ladder hanging down from one of the side blisters. At 93 years old, could probably not manage today. Great Airplane and many great memories.

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Ernie Gremillion, e-mail, 11.02.2017 18:39

My dad, Ernest Gremillion, worked on the assembly plant for this plane in New Orleans. He actually invented a tool to help built it. I remember going down to the plant with him and picking up scraps of aircraft aluminum used on the plane that I cherished for many years.

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Dharshana Jayawardena, e-mail, 17.10.2014 04:42

Hello,
Would anyone know what type of Catalina's were flown by the Dutch Unit 321 based in Ceylon? Was it the PBY-5A or a later version?

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David Johnson, e-mail, 09.05.2014 18:48

I am looking for detailed dimensions. Want to build a scale model for RC. Wing span of 68 inches.

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DEAN ANDERSON, e-mail, 02.05.2014 01:59

I few in pby6a sn64089 in Adak Alaska this was the last pby to fly in the aleutians. this plane was lost on a ferry flight from. Adak to the philipines the ferry crew didn't make it to midway they run out of fuel and ditched off midway. sorry ending to a wonderful airplane 1953 1954

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Clyde Harper, e-mail, 01.11.2013 20:05

My first few flights I had my head out the window below the wing heaving my guts out while flying over convoys in the Gulf. In 1943. I was only 15 at the time. right after boot camp. Pensacola Fl. SQD 8A. I was attending AMM school at the time. If anyone out there that knows of anyone that was in SQD 8A at that time please let me know.

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Steve Bousfield, e-mail, 19.09.2013 16:30

There's one based at Duxford in UK. It flew round the country on 21st August 2013 to celebrate 70 years of the type.

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dai hodges, e-mail, 04.06.2013 03:52

There is a Catalina still flying regularly and has been made Original as a dedication to the RAAF "Black Cat" Squadron.
It is based at HARS (the Historical Aircraft Restoration Society) just south of Sydney NSW Australia.

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Klaatu83, e-mail, 18.02.2013 16:32

This was not the fastest or most glamorous airplane of World War II, but undoubtedly one of the most important. While other flying boats were built in dozens, or perhaps hundreds, Catalinas were built in THOUSANDS. More Catalinas were built than any other flying boat in history. They served all over the world in the Air Forces of many nations, in every sort of climactic condition, and in a wide variety of roles.

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Tom Vroom, e-mail, 02.12.2012 20:56

My Dad, CMDR. Jacques Vroom flew left seat on these in the south pacific during WWII. I lost him in May of 2009 but would love to hear from anyone who may remember him. He retired in Brunswick Maine 1961. Thank you for your time.

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Ken Pratt, e-mail, 28.11.2012 21:03

I am trying to locate an old friend to say hello and catch up.
His name is Vern Schille and his name comes up on this site when it's Googled.
Can you help me in my search.
I am a retired Aviation insurance broker and insured the old ' Canso' for my clients many years ago.

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Jon Wagner, e-mail, 06.12.2011 09:36

My mom put together Plexiglass side-blisters for PBYs at a small Consolidated sub-assembly plant, (a Willys car dealership before the war) in Anaheim, CA in 1942-3

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Jon Wagner, e-mail, 06.12.2011 09:30

"Does anyone know the diameter dimension of a PBY-5 wing strut?"
Answer as I recall:
Don't know the exact size but they were ovoid or tear- drop in shape, approx. 3 1 /2" x 1 1 /2" maybe 10' in length, made of seamless thin wall, approx. 1 /8"-3 /16" thick,chrome-moly alloy steel tubing. Many aircraft surplus stores in the LA area sold them.
They were popular as main frame rails with SoCal Hot-Rodders; some early dragsters and dry lakes machines liked them due to rigidity, strength, light weight and low price.

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Dave Pinella, e-mail, 15.11.2011 15:39

I guess the OA-10 is a bit different judging by the pictures. I volunteer at the National Museum of the USAF. On our OA-10, on the very front there is a corrigated covering /opening, maybe measuring 12 inches by 8 inches, maybe a bit bigger. I'm trying to figure out what this is. Can anybody shed some light on this? Thanks!!

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Art Deco, 28.10.2011 14:46

The Naval Aircraft Factory built a modified and improved PBY which became the PBN-1. The changes were incorporated in the Consolidated-Vultee PBY-6A.

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GEOFFREY BLACKMAN, e-mail, 28.10.2011 07:31

WHO BUILT THE PBY6A

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Geoffrey Blackman, e-mail, 26.10.2011 20:00

The last PBY was Pby5 I flew the 5 for the first 2 years of WW2 in the pacific. you left this out of the description the Pby5A came out later

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Jon Wagner, e-mail, 23.09.2011 05:07

My mom made plexiglass blisters for the PBY at a small sub assembly plant in Anaheim,CA during WW II

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Ken Berner, e-mail, 26.07.2011 05:08

My father and his Navy scouting squadron VP-5F, flew the PBY-3, which they picked up new at the Consolidated plant in San Diego in 1938. The squadron was based at Coco Solo N.A.S., Panama Canal Zone. I have photographs and a film of his plane (5-P-1) and a complete squadron photo.

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Reed Evans, e-mail, 15.07.2011 01:20

This is the first plane I ever flew in. I was in the RNZAF in 1953 and had the chance to go for a flight in one. We flew out over the sea and dropped a dye marker in and proceeded to use it for target practice. I was intrigued by the way the recoil of the guns pushed the tail around.

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1-20 21-40

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