Aeritalia G-91

1956

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Aeritalia G-91

The original single Bristol Siddeley Orpheus-engined Fiat G91 was designed in accordance with NATO requirements for a standard lightweight tactical strike fighter to equip its forces. The first of three prototypes and 27 pre-production aircraft flew on 9 August 1956. Original production models included the G91R/1 photographic-reconnaissance version (three Vinten 70mm cameras) and similar R/3 and R/4 with armament changes; G91N modified aircraft to evaluate navigational aids; G91T/1 tandem two-seat version for advanced training at tran-sonic speeds, and similar T/3 and T/4 with equipment changes.

The G91Y is a twin-engined development of the G91 based upon the G91T version. Two prototypes were built (the first flying on 27 December 1966) followed by 20 pre-series G91Y for the Italian Air Force. Delivery of the initial series of 35 production aircraft to the Italian Air Force began in September 1971, as single-seat light tactical strike-reconnaissance fighters. Armament comprises two 30mm DEFA cannon and cameras in nose; four underwing attachment points for 450kg bombs, 340kg napalm tanks, 7 X 50mm rocket packs, 28 X 50mm rocket packs or 4 X 127mm rocket containers. G91 are in service with the air forces of the German Federal Republic (G91R/3 and G91T/3 - including R/3 licence-built in Germany), Italy (G91R/1, R/1A, R/1B, G91T/1 and G91Y) and Portugal (G91R/4).

Aeritalia G-91

Specification 
 CREW1
 ENGINE1 x BS "Orpheus 803", 22.3kN
 WEIGHTS
  Take-off weight5200 kg11464 lb
  Empty weight3000 kg6614 lb
 DIMENSIONS
  Wingspan8.6 m28 ft 3 in
  Length11.1 m36 ft 5 in
  Height4.5 m15 ft 9 in
  Wing area16.4 m2176.53 sq ft
 PERFORMANCE
  Max. speed1020 km/h634 mph
  Cruise speed407 km/h253 mph
  Ceiling12000 m39350 ft
  Range w/max.fuel2300 km1429 miles
  Range w/max payload700 km435 miles
 ARMAMENT4 x 12.7mm machine-guns or 2 x 30mm cannons

Comments
bombardier, e-mail, 24.05.2011 11:21

Although created as a fighter it was a little too slow for the role

reply

Barry, 01.12.2010 14:36

The G91Y was powered by two General Electric J85-13A single shaft augmented turbojets each rated at 4080lb thrust with full afterburner, as opposed to the 5000ib thrust of the Orpheus.

reply

Capt. J. Gonçalves ling_corsai, e-mail, 12.11.2010 00:43

Hey Ampo, you forgot Portugal. This fighter equipped the PAF for more than 20years. I flew it for four years before the A7.
The Fiat was a very nice aircraft but limited in range and ordnance. Nice cameras on the nose. The R3 had 2X30mm guns, very powerful.

reply

Richard, e-mail, 20.11.2020 Capt. J. Gonçalves ling_corsai

Olá,

Gostava de saber o que é o cabo que vai da canopy a deriva. Também gostava de saber se o T3 tinha 2 pylons ou 4 como os R3 /4 ?

Obrigado.

Richard

reply

Richard, e-mail, 20.11.2020 Capt. J. Gonçalves ling_corsai

Olá,

Gostava de saber o que é o cabo que vai da canopy a deriva. Também gostava de saber se o T3 tinha 2 pylons ou 4 como os R3 /4 ?

Obrigado.

Richard

reply

paul scott, e-mail, 16.09.2009 21:00

Apologies, it IS here under the 'trainers' mantra - but of a roundabout way of finding it though.

reply

paul scott, e-mail, 20.08.2009 16:05

Strange that this website has no listing for 'Aermacchi' who as many of you know produced the excellent MB 326 /339 light trainers /aircraft.

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Ampo, e-mail, 18.07.2009 17:21

This aircraft beat the F-5A freedom fighter in the nato's program for a light fighter.
It was the most important fighter in germay (and in italy) for almost 20 years.

The only problem: no radar. Hawker Hunter and Dassault etendard have no radar, too.

reply

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