Albatros D I

1916

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Albatros D I

Designed by Herren Thelen, Schubert and Gnadig in a successful endeavour to wrest from the Allies the aerial superiority gained over the Fokker monoplanes by the Nieuport 11 Bebe and the Airco D.H.2, D.I was the first fighter to be developed by the Albatros-Werke. Introduced in August 1916 were 12 pre-series aircraft. Aerodynamically clean for its time, the D.I had a semi-monocoque wooden fuselage which differed radically from the fabric-skinned, braced box-girder type fuselages then in almost universal use. The wings were conventional fabric-covered wooden structures, the power plant was either the 150hp Benz Bz III or 160hp Mercedes DIII six-cylinder inline water-cooled engine, and armament consisted of paired 7.92mm LMG 08/15 synchronised machine guns. Fifty series D.Is were ordered in July 1916, and these were delivered to the Front (where 50 pre-series and series D.Is were in service in November), but no further production of this fighter was undertaken as the D.I had been overtaken by the D.II which, in fact, arrived at the Front at the same time as the earlier type.

Albatros D I

Specification 
 CREW1
 ENGINE1 x Mc D III, 125kW
 WEIGHTS
  Take-off weight900 kg1984 lb
  Empty weight674 kg1486 lb
 DIMENSIONS
  Wingspan8.5 m28 ft 11 in
  Length7.4 m24 ft 3 in
  Height3.0 m10 ft 10 in
  Wing area22.9 m2246.49 sq ft
 PERFORMANCE
  Max. speed175 km/h109 mph
  Ceiling6000 m19700 ft
  Range w/max.fuel300 km186 miles
 ARMAMENT2 x 7.92mm

Comments
Klaatu83, e-mail, 29.10.2011 20:47

The introduction of the Albatros D-I, with it's excellent performance and twin machine guns, was a true landmark in fighter development. In only principal changes in the succeeding D-II were that the top wing was lowered slightly, at the suggestion of combat pilots, and the radiator moved to the upper wing, both in an effort to improve pilot visibility from the cockpit. The D-III introduced a narrower single-spar lower wing, inspired by that of the French Nieuport fighters, to further improve downward visibility. Unfortunately, however, the single-spar lower sing also weakened the wing structure, with sometimes disastrous results. The D-V was little more than a refined version of the D-III.

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...., 09.12.2010 22:46

When did this plane go out of service?

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alexander, e-mail, 16.10.2010 23:25

awesome plane for a history report

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Matthew, e-mail, 23.03.2010 08:31

great improvement on the allied planes.

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hugo perez, 12.03.2009 00:36

no i do not have a comment about this aircraft!
it was my favorite though!

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FMB42, 28.10.2008 16:49

Robert Thelen and his design team produced this fighter.

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Danille, e-mail, 20.05.2008 03:41

who was the engineer who invented this design?

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