Farman M.F.11 Shorthorn
|Virtual Aircraft Museum / France / Farman|
Designed in 1914, the Farman MR 11 served in considerable numbers, equipping 37 French escadrilles, six squadrons of the RFC on the Western Front and other RFC/RNAS units in Mesopotamia, the Dardanelles and the Aegean. It was the first Farman design to be armed, being employed on bombing and reconnaissance duties. A Farman MF. 11 of the Royal Naval Air Service made the first night bombing raid of World War I, attacking German gun emplacements near Ostend on 21 December 1914. Following their frontline service, the MF. 11 and its predecessor, the MF.7, were widely used for training.