Farman H.F.20


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Farman H.F.20

The two-seat H.F.20 was in service with the French and Belgian military in 1913 and was basically a refined "Shorthorn". Power was provided by a 59.6kW Gnome rotary engine driving a pusher propeller. With the outbreak of World War I the type was used also by the British air services for scouting and light bombing but achieved only marginal success as a reconnaissance type and then trainer.

By substituting the Gnome for a Le Rhone engine of similar power it was hoped to extend the aircraft's capabilities, but the resulting H.F.21 was obsolete. In a final attempt to rectify the tremendous lack of power the H.F.27 was developed with a 104.3kW or 119kW Canton-Unne engine - as fitted to the equally light but far more successful early Voisin types. The resulting aircraft was sufficiently promising to be deployed on secondary war fronts.

Farman H.F.20

 ENGINE1 x Gnome, 59kW
  Take-off weight660 kg1455 lb
  Empty weight360 kg794 lb
  Wingspan14.0 m46 ft 11 in
  Length8.3 m27 ft 3 in
  Height3.2 m11 ft 6 in
  Wing area35.0 m2376.74 sq ft
  Max. speed110 km/h68 mph
  Ceiling315 m1050 ft
  Range w/max.fuel250 km155 miles
 ARMAMENT1 machine-guns

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